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FIP Dry Form (Non-Effusive)


In this article

  1. Understanding FIP in Cat

  2. Causus of FIP

  3. Dry FIP Symptoms

  4. Diagnosis of FIP

  5. Treatment of FIP

  6. Preventing of FIP

Understanding FIP in Cats

Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a serious and potentially fatal disease affecting cats of all ages, though it's most common in young cats under 2 years old. While prevalent, FIP can be devastating if your cat contracts it.

Causes of FIP

FIP occurs when a cat's immune system is weakened, allowing the feline coronavirus (FCoV) to mutate into FIPV. This mutated virus replicates within cells and enters the bloodstream, causing harm throughout the body. Symptoms vary depending on the individual cat.

Dry FIP Symptoms

Dry FIP is more common in underweight cats and may not show obvious external signs, unlike wet FIP, which often presents with a distended abdomen. However, dry FIP can also affect to neurological system and brain, the organs that usually effect are:

  • Ocular: Cloudy eyes, blindness, or blood in the eyes.

  • Neurological: Unsteady gait, weakness in hind legs, walking on front legs only, Seizures.

Other general symptoms include:

  • Loss of appetite

  • Weight loss

  • Lethargy or weakness

Diagnosis of FIP

Diagnosing FIP can be challenging as it requires a combination of factors, including the cat's behavior, physical examination, blood tests, and potentially RT-PCR testing. Dry FIP, especially without ocular or neurological signs, can be particularly difficult to detect as it often mimics other common illnesses.

Treatment of FIP

Currently, the most effective treatment for FIP is the antiviral drug GS-441524, administered through daily injections for 84 days. This duration is based on research indicating it's the optimal timeframe to prevent relapse. The initial dose of GS-441524 is 8mg/kg of body weight, 10mg/kg for Ocular or Nuerological, adjusted based on the cat's condition. If the A/G ratio remains in the danger zone (<0.6) after 84 days, treatment may be extended for another two weeks. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial, as delays can increase the risk of neurological complications.

Prevention of FIP

While there's no foolproof prevention method, you can reduce the risk by:

  • Maintaining a clean living environment for your cat

  • Cleaning litter boxes frequently

  • Isolating sick cats to aid their recovery

If you suspect your cat is ill, consult a veterinarian immediately.

Remember: Early detection and treatment are vital for the best possible outcome for your cat.

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